Fort Harmony was a hippy settlement located in Wales. It was located in West Monmouthshire National Park, on Craddogh Common, near to the village of Craddogh .
Foundation and Legal Action
Fort Harmony was founded in 1967 by Gladys Dunn. Initially the National Park Authority did not mind the dwellers, but when numbers grew to 270 within three years, they began legal action to evict the hippies. The High Court ruled in the Park's favour, saying the King's Charter making it common land ended when it was made part of the National Park. The court ruled the dwellers had one week to gather their posessions and leave the land.
The Hippies refused. From Winter 1972 the Police began destroying dwellings and arresting hippies, causing the population to drop to less than fifty. They left the settlement every day, allowing the police to destroy the dwellings, only to return and build new ones during the night. Traps were set to catch policemen, including one elaborate device which ended up with three policemen swinging in nets twenty meters off the ground.
On the 26th August, 1973, the police launched an all-out effort to destroy the camp. Over three hundred policemen destroyed the camp, arresting anyone who stood in their way. Eventually, only twenty hippies were left, hiding in the tunnels underneath the camp. Police decided on a policy of waiting for them to come out for food and water.
More and more supporters of the hippies arrived during the day, and at 3AM the following morning the police lines were broken, leading to over 700 people camping on the site of Fort Harmony.
The police eventually came to the conlcusion that a much larger operation would be needed to destroy the camp, utilising up to 1,000 officers. However, neither the National Park Authority nor the Police had the money to pay for the raid, so nothing was done.
Before The Agents Arrive
Before James Adams and Amy Collins arrive at the camp, around sixty people permanently lived there. There was no electricty or running water in the dwellings, and much of the population was made up of Gladys Dunn's extended family. The fort had been raided and the fort had moved over the years from its original spot